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Our latest benchmark research into the market for location analytics software finds significant demand for location-related technology that can improve business outcomes and generateVentanaResearch_LocationAnalytics relevant information for various types of users. (Location analytics is an extension of business analytics that can enhance the sophistication of data and processes by adding a geographic context.)  My last analyst perspective on this topic discussed the business value of insights based on geography and what organizations are doing to advance their efforts here. Our research also shows, however, that most still lack satisfaction and confidence in using the technology. Just 12 percent of all participants said they are very satisfied with the location information and analytics available in their organization. Further analysis shows that satisfaction increases with use of a dedicated application for location analytics: 71 percent of those are satisfied or very satisfied, substantially more than those using location analytics within a BI tool (22%); findings are similar for both B2B and B2C use. We find similar levels of confidence in the quality of location information: 15 percent of those using a dedicated application are very confident in their location analytics. Confidence in the reliability of such information is essential to more organizations adopting location analytics.

vr_LA_driving_change_in_location_analyticsOne cause of limited satisfaction and confidence appears to be the difficulty of analyzing information that has a location context. Two-thirds of organizations said doing so requires significant effort or some effort, and 17 percent said that is very difficult or they cannot do it. Thus it is not surprising that about three in fiveorganizations plan to change the way they use location information in the next 12 to 18 months. For more than 40 percent each, that change is driven by efforts to improve processes: a new initiative to improve information and decision-making (51%), a need to improve business-to-business planning and collaboration (50%), the desire to promote operational efficiency (49%) and as part of a wider analytics and business intelligence initiative (44%). Participants with IT titles most often identified as the driver a new initiative improving information and decision-making (61%), as did those from the services (69%) and government (63%) industry sectors; those working in lines of business insisted more on seeking change to improve B2B planning and collaboration (54%). The need for improvement shows that organizations recognize a potentially important role for location analytics in various business processes, from information use to decision-making.

A range of technologies can be used for location analytics, vr_LA_dedicated_technology_provides_satisfactionbut not all options work equally well. Today nearly half (49%) of organizations use spreadsheets heavily for analyzing information that includes location data; significantly fewer use other tools heavily – custom applications (36%), analytic or BI tools (34%) and a geographic information system (GIS, 23%). Many organizations use business applications heavily for analyzing this type of information, most often customer relationship management (CRM, 28%), supply chain management (16%) and enterprise asset management (14%) systems. Yet heavy users of a GIS or a dedicated application are the ones most often very satisfied (49%), and heavy users of spread­sheets are very satisfied least often (16%). Among those saying that the use of location analytics has im­proved their results, spreadsheet users ranked last (35%), far behind users of a GIS (55%) and analytic or BI tools (49%). Organizations that use a dedicated tool for location analytics (49%) are the most satisfied significantly more than those that use only spreadsheets (16%).

A look at the capabilities necessary for effective location analytics indicates why tools designed for the purpose get better results. More than three in five organizations said three basic capabilities are important: geographic representation of data, visual metrics associated with locations on a map, and selecting and analyzing locations on a map. One-half to one-third said interacting with maps and locations for further analysis, determining distance and drive time, and adding layers to maps are important. All of these basic capabilities are the building blocks for conducting specific analytics that can identify or recommend actions from the mashup of data about a location or to provide insights to guide decisions based on location-specific indicators.

Another technology approach used most frequently is business intelligence (BI). These tools are designed for reporting, creating dashboards and general access to analytic information such as metrics. BI tools and processes are established in both IT departments and lines of business, and location information can further enhance BI efforts. Nearly half (48%) of participants in this research ranked business intelligence interfaces as the most important to integrate with other enterprise software; custom interfaces was a distant second at only 13 percent. IT participants (55%) put BI first more often than did those in business (44%), and manufacturing (55%) ranked it higher than other industries. BI also is the application most often integrated with location analytics (45%), even more so in the largest companies by number of employees (56%) and by annual revenue (65%). In terms of planning and developing a strategy to use location analytics with other systems, most intend to integrate it with marketing automation (33%), sales force automation (30%) and enterprise content management (also 30%).

However, the research also finds impediments in using BI and location analytics together. Almost half  (46%) of participating organizations said that integrating the two requires significant effort; another 16 percent said doing that is very difficult and requires substantial time or that they have no practical way to do it. On a positive note, integration of these two technologies has advanced significantly in the last several years, and it is easier to exchange data and add it to presentations. In addition, organizations that use business intelligence to conduct location analytics reported benefits, particularly improving the customer experience (21%) and gaining competitive advantage (20%). More than three in five companies that use BI with location analytics are very satisfied (17%) or satisfied (44%) with theinformation and analytics they have available. Thus the research clearly shows that integrating location information into business intelligence can deliver value.

Looking at location information in a broader sense we find many organizations using consumer mapping to plot data quickly, predominantly free software such as from Google (which 45% use) and Microsoft (31%). The research also reveals that while almost one-third (31%) have used these for enterprise needs, only 8 percent are very satisfied with them. Like personal productivity tools, these tools can help in individual tasks like driving instructions and plotting locations for quick geographic placement, but they lack task support and operational or specific analytical context that requires secure, integrated access to enterprise systems. Free and easy access makes them attractive, but they do not provide enough capabilities for skilled workers to use in complex business tasks.

As deployments grow, so does the need to integrate and adapt location analytics to other technologies. For example, one in five research participants said mobile technology is critical for improving location analytics, as did smaller numbers for cloud computing (15%), big data (15%) and collaboration (8%). Ways of deploying location analytics also are changing, as more organizations realize that buying and installing the software on-premises (which 35% prefer) is not the only approach; nearly as many (33%) want to access it on demand through software as a service (SaaS). Very large companies by number of employees (44%) and annual revenue (39%) have the strongest bias for on-demand deployment, as does manufacturing (43%) among industry sectors. Exploiting the full potential of big data investments, whether representing machine data or customer locations, is a prime example of where location analytics can help use data effectively. The research strongly suggests that location analytics will have a place in evolving business technology environments and that broader use of innovative technology will extend the value of this investment also.

vr_LA_location_analytics_requires_experiencesHowever an organization deploys location analytics, the research shows that experience in using it is critical to success. Half of participating organizations have deployed location-focused technology, and the percentage is highest among very large companies by number of employees (56%) and annual revenue (67%). Almost two-thirds (62%) of all companies that have the most experience said location analytics has helped improve results significantly; among those who are somewhat experienced just 23 percent said this.

Organizations of course expect to realize important benefits from software investments. The top five benefits being sought from location analytics are to improve the customer experience and customer satisfaction; gain competitive advantage; improve access to and value of existing information; improve organizational alignment and coordination; and deliver products and services faster. Organizations that use a dedicated technology focus most on gaining competitive advantage (21%) and delivering products and services faster (16%). Investment in a dedicated tool for location analytics can increase the value of an organization’s information and analytics, which improves with experience in using the technology. We recommend that organizations develop a location-specific component in their agenda for analytics. If you want to learn more on the value and potential of technology in location analytics our community is available to help with more depth in best practices and insights on this topic.

Regards,

Mark Smith

CEO & Chief Research Officer

I had the pleasure of attending Cloudera’s recent analyst summit. Presenters reviewed the work the company has done since its founding six years ago and outlined its plans to use Hadoop to further empower big data technology to support what I call information optimization. Cloudera’s executive team has the co-founders of Hadoop who worked at Facebook, Oracle and Yahoo when they developed and used Hadoop. Last year they brought in CEO Tom Reilly, who led successful organizations at ArcSight, HP and IBM. Cloudera now has more than 500 employees, 800 partners and 40,000 users trained in its commercial version of Hadoop. The Hadoop technology has brought to the market an integration of computing, memory and disk storage; Cloudera has expanded the capabilities of this open source software for its customers through unique extension and commercialization of open source for enterprise use. The importance of big data is undisputed now: For example, our latest research in big data analytics finds it to be very important in 47 percent of organizations. However, we also find that only 14 percent are very satisfied with their use of big data, so there is plenty of room for improvement. How well Cloudera moves forward this year and next will determine its ability to compete in big data over the next five years.

Cloudera’s technology supports what it calls an enterprise data hub (EDH), vr_Big_Data_Analytics_04_types_of_big_data_for_analyticswhich ties together a series of integrated components for big data that include batch processing, analytic SQL, a search engine, machine learning, event stream processing and workload management; this is much like the way relational databases and tools evolved in the past. These features also can deal with the types of big data most often used, according to our research: 40 percent or more use five types, from transactional data (60%) to machine data (42%). Hadoop combines layers of the data and analytics stack from collection, staging and storage to data integration and integration with other technologies. For its part Cloudera has a sophisticated focus on both engineering and customer support. Its goal is to enable enterprise big data management that can connect and integrate with other data and applications from its range of partners. Cloudera also seeks to facilitate converged analytics. One of these partners, Zoomdata, demonstrated the potential of big data analytics in analytic discovery and exploration through its visualization on the Cloudera platform; its integrated and interactive tool can be used by business people as well as professionals in analytics, data management and IT.

Cloudera latest major release with Cloudera Enterprise 5 brought a range of enterprise advancements from in-memory processing, vr_Big_Data_Analytics_11_implementing_analytics_through_hadoopresource management, data management, data protection to name a few. Cloudera offers a range of product options that they announced to make it easier to embrace their Hadoop technology. Cloudera Express is its free version of Hadoop, and it provides three editions licensed through subscription: basic, flex and data hub. The Flex Edition of Cloudera Enterprise has support for analytic SQL, search, machine learning, event stream processing and online NoSQL through the Hadoop components HBase, Impala, Spark and Navigator; a customer organization can have one of these per Hadoop cluster. The Enterprise Data Hub (EDH) Edition enables use of any of the components in any configuration. Cloudera Navigator is a product for managing metadata, discovery and lineage, and in 2014 it will add search, annotation and registration on metadata. Cloudera uses Apache Hive to support SQL through HiveQL, and Cloudera Impala provides a unique interface to the Hadoop file system HDFS using SQL. This is in line with what our research shows organizations prefer: More than half (52%) use standard SQL to access Hadoop. This range of choices in getting to data within Hadoop helps Cloudera’s customers realize a broad range of uses that include predictive customer care, market risk management, customer experience and other areas where very large volumes of information can be applied for applications that were not cost-effective before. With EDH Edition Cloudera can compete directly with large players IBM, Oracle, SAS and Teradata, all of which have ambitions to provide the hub of big data operations for enterprises.

Having open source roots, community is especially important to Hadoop. vr_Big_Data_Analytics_07_dissatisfaction_with_big_data_analyticsPart of building a community is providing training to certify and validate skills. Cloudera has enrolled more than 50,000 professionals in its Cloudera University and works with online learning provider Udacity to increase the number of certified Hadoop users. It also has developed academic relationships to promote Hadoop skills being taught to computer science students. Our research finds that this sort of activity is necessary: The most common challenge in big data analytics processes for two out of three (67%) organizations is not having enough skilled resources; we have found similar issues in the implementation and management of big data. The other aspect of a community is to enlist partners that offer specific capabilities. I am impressed with Cloudera’s range of partners, from OEMs and system integrators to channel resellers such as Cisco, Dell, HP, NetApp and Oracle to support in the cloud from Amazon, IBM, Verizon and others.

To help it keep up Cloudera announced it has raised another $160 million from the likes of T. Rowe Price, Michael Dell Ventures and Google Ventures to add to financing from venture capital firms. With this funding Cloudera outlined its investment focus for 2014 which will concentrate on advancing database and storage, security, in-memory computing and cloud deployment. I believe that it will need to go further to meet the growing needs for integration and analytics and prove that it can provide a high-value integrated offering directly as well as through partners. Investing in its Navigator product also is important, as our research finds that quality and consistency of data is the most challenging aspect of the big data analytics process in 56 percent of organizations. At the same time, Cloudera should focus on optimizing its infrastructure for the four types of data discovery that are required according to our analysis.

Cloudera’s advantage is being the focal point in the Hadoop ecosystem while others are still trying to match its numbers in developers and partners to serve big data needs. Our research finds substantial growth opportunity here: Hadoop will be used in 30 vr_Info_Optimization_12_big_data_is_widely_usedpercent of organizations through 2015 and another 12 percent are planning to evaluate it. Our research also finds a significant lead for Cloudera in Hadoop distributions, but other options like Hortonworks and MapR are growing. The research finds that the most of these organizations are seeking the ability to respond faster to opportunities and threats; to do that they will need to have a next generation of skills to apply to big data projects. Our research in information optimization finds that over half (56%) of organizations are planning to use big data and Hadoop will be a key focus for those efforts. Cloudera has a strong position in the expanding big data market because it focuses on the fundamentals of information management and analytics through Hadoop. But it faces stiff competition from the established providers of RDBMSs and data appliances that are blending Hadoop with their technology as well as from a growing number of providers of commercial versions of Hadoop. Cloudera is well managed and has finances to meet these challenges; now it needs to be able to show many high-value production deployments in 2014 as the center of business’s big data strategies. If you are building a big data strategy with Hadoop, Cloudera must be in the evaluation priority for an organization.

Regards,

Mark Smith

CEO & Chief Research Officer

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